Overall, NHRIs have been recognised as key stakeholders for ensuring the effective implementation of the ECHR. Not only do the Paris Principles mandate NHRIs to safeguard and promote the implementation of international human rights instruments, NHRIs are particularly well-placed within their national context to engage with the implementation of the Convention system. NHRIs have the necessary expertise and a unique overview of the needs and challenges in the implementation of human rights standards within their State, as well as the authority to engage with their State party. The involvement of NHRIs in the effective national implementation of the Convention system is therefore important, as it has also been emphasised by the Committee of Ministers itself.
For these reasons, NHRI participation in the execution of judgments is equally important. In this respect, NHRI engagement for the purposes of judgment execution on the national level is crucial. Yet, importantly, NHRIs can also participate in international procedures to advance the implementation of Court judgments. It is important to recognise that NHRI efforts taken on the national and international level to implement the Court judgments can be complementary. Such efforts can work as a continuous cycle through which outcomes of domestic activities on implementation can be used as input for international advocacy efforts. Vice versa, outcomes of international advocacy can influence and strengthen efforts on the national level. The Cycle of NHRIs Implementation Work (below) illustrates this.